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festival rencontres et racines 2014

Dans un premier temps, une réflexion autour des méthodes permettant la co-construction des savoirs sera développée, elle se basera sur différentes expériences acquises au Nunavut et au Nunavik. The success of the project is largely due to the local involvement and shows well the relevance of conducting community based research. Boy George soutient Emmanuel Macron… enfin presque! Inuksuit in North Arm are representative of summer occupation and indicative of a potential winter route into the interior, however their role is being heavily impacted by lack of education and increasing tourism. Mais rien n'est garanti!! Lyon débordé par les mineurs isolés. Hettasch in his annual letter.

Les 5 Règles d'Or de nos Agences

Basé au Maroc depu Résumé du nouvel épisode des Anges 9 sur NRJ Given the colonial history of the North, with the creation of Nunavut and the current implementation of the new Education Act for Nunavut, a consultative process that involves a range of community members in setting direction for the scope of this study in education is essential. Jenufa, de Janacek Direction musicale: Il sera projeté au Balzac les dimanche 21 et 28 septembre à 11h ainsi que le 23 septembre à 17h

Igloliorte examens distinct practices such as clothing production, carving, grasswork and contemporary art practices such as photography in light of continuity, tradition and innovation. Revisiting the chronology of two Palaeoeskimo sites from Ivujivik Nunavik, Canada. The first human populations in the Eastern Arctic, the Pre-Dorset people, arrived about 4, years ago. Changes in archaeological remains between and BP uncalibrated have been interpreted as part of a transition period from which emerged the Dorset culture.

However, continuity between Pre-Dorset and Dorset cultures in Nunavik Quebec Arctic has been criticized by archaeologists who think that the Dorset people represent a new colonisation coming from the East.

Taking into consideration these dates and those obtained earlier, it appears that the sites were indeed occupied between and BP. However, people also lived at the Ohituk site during the whole range of the Dorset period.

As for the Pita site, it was mainly inhabited during the Pre-Dorset period and one of its dates seems to be the oldest gathered so far for Nunavik. A Tale of Two Programs. For nearly two decades in the s the Tuvaaluk and the Smithsonian's Labrador Torngat Project conducted intensive archaeological and environmental research along the coasts of Ungava and northern Labrador. Previously these regions had seen only sporadic research, and these new programs and their precursors and extensions demonstrated the benefits of sustained, long-term, interdisciplinary research.

Both produced large quantities of survey and excavation data, applied new field techniques and analytical methods, and introduced a new generation of researchers into northern archaeology.

Both projects shared interests in Paleo-Eskimo culture, lithic technology, raw material sourcing, subsistence and settlement pattern studies, and environmental reconstruction.

Despite similarities, the two programs differed substantially in publication outcomes, philosophical underpinnings, and social agendas. This paper compares how their legacies shaped the conduct of archaeology in Nunavik and Nunatsiavut and how they may continue to influence its future.

Précisons encore que cette période de réalisation du programme Tuvaaluk précède les débuts de la commercialisation des micro-machines informatiques au cours des années et reposant sur des logiciels déjà autrement plus structurés. Retracer la fonction de l'outil: Sans tenter de réconcilier les points de vue les plus divergents, nous proposerons dans cette communication une lecture des complexités interculturelles de la préhistoire du Nunavik et du Nunatsiavut en laissant de côté les interprétations sans fondement ou influencées par des facteurs externes qui ne devraient pas intervenir dans une telle restitution du passé.

Inuit food system and environmental change: Results from a multisectoral community workshop in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region.

The second half of the twentieth century has witnessed profound change to the environment and food system of Inuit peoples of northern Canada.

Increasingly, wildlife species consumed as country food are experiencing pressure from anthropogenic stressors, including climate change and the presence of toxic compounds.

As the market and traditional, dimensions of the Inuit food system are not mutually exclusive, reduced participation in traditional diets — together with the consumption of low nutrient-dense market food alternatives— stands strongly to manifest food insecurity, malnutrition and disease in Inuit communities. While the role of environmental integrity for Indigenous food security, and nutritional adequacy is acknowledged in the literature, these relationships are often described in exclusively qualitative terms.

Drawing on data from the Inuit Health Survey , the objectives of this project are to develop a modeling tool to describe, quantitatively, the dynamics of Arctic environmental change, on aspects of Inuit diet, nutrition and harvest.

We consider how wildlife conservation and Inuit food security initiatives are managed, to determine how these initiatives may best adapt to meet the dietary and cultural needs of Inuit communities within the context of environmental change. Climate change has grievous impacts on human health, as a result of exposure to weather extremes and compromised air, food and water quality Costello et al. Arctic regions are experiencing changes at rates nearly twice global averages and Inuit inhabiting these regions are especially vulnerable to the health effects, given high burdens of ill-health in communities and strong cultural connections with the environment Ford et al.

Detailed inventories of health ITK describe balance among body, spirit, community and the environment, largely disparate from the allopathic practices of western medicine Ootoova et al. However, Inuit conceptualizations of health are largely underrepresented in healthcare services in the Arctic and are not considered in the context of adaptation to climate change Ford et al.

It is predicted that the results will show contemporary Inuit conceptualizations of health to reflect values of ITK and western medicine and that both formal and traditional resources are accessed. However, it is expected that results will demonstrate that current healthcare systems do not respond effectively to the novel and exacerbated health risks women experience as a result of climate change.

Results will aid in identifying entry points for culturally responsive adaptation strategies to enhance the health of Inuit women in the Canadian Arctic. Encore récemment, de hauts taux de SAF ont été rapportés dans cette population. La consommation excessive tend à diminuer autour de la conception, mais plus de la moitié des femmes Inuit resteront buveuses en cours de leur grossesse.

Considération du rôle des facteurs psychosociaux. Le logement est un droit humain fondamental et un important déterminant de la santé.

Dans l'Arctique, la pénurie de logements et les conditions inadéquates de logement atteignent des proportions élevées. Par exemple, des études récentes au Nunavik et au Groenland rapportent que le surpeuplement des logements est une source de stress chronique et est associé à une moins bonne santé mentale.

Les résultats, entre autres, se penchent sur la notion de ce qui constitue une nourriture suffisante et adéquate selon la perspective des participants.

Ils abordent également le rôle des ressources au niveau de la famille élargie et de la communauté dans la sécurité alimentaire. Quelques pistes de réflexion sur la mesure de la sécurité alimentaire dans les communautés inuites ainsi que des considérations méthodologiques pour de futures recherches seront présentées.

From knowledge to action: Inuit traditional knowledge TK passed down through generations emphasizes the importance of wild plants in Inuit diet, medicine, and culture.

From a scientific perspective, Nunavik wild berries may serve as an important local source of vitamins, as well as other antioxidants such as polyphenols, with unique potential for the prevention of diabetes and to improve food security. In , we developed a research project to study the chemical composition of local berries from different Nunavik villages, to evaluate the impact of wild berries on insulin resistance and obesity in mice, and of wild berry intake on insulin resistance among Nunavik Inuit adults.

We developed novel wild berry products baby puree, roll ups, dried berries, granola bars, sorbet and frozen yogurt to be produced by Individual Path Learning IPL students in schools. Our objectives with this intervention are to improve wild berry consumption, distribution and availability throughout the year, propose attractive and local healthy alternatives to soft drinks and snacks, and stimulate youth empowerment and employment.

Along with berry picking, we conducted several activities with IPL about TK of plants, nutritional benefits of Nunavik berries and cooking berry products. Understanding the benefits of country foods consumed in Nunavik and partnering with Inuit institutions is central to the implementation of community-based interventions aiming to address many issues at once: As reflected by student engagement and community feedback, investing in community initiatives to empower youth while generating social economic opportunities is invaluable to effective knowledge sharing, educational outreach, and capacity building.

In West Greenlandic, there are about 50 to 60 derivational aspectual affixes. The aspectual affixes are divided into phasal and quantificational aspect. Most of the quantitative aspectual affixes have a verb-modifying function, and amount to about 30 affixes. Here the plurality is indicated by several agents of the verb. It seems that some of the affixes have very small semantic differences. Several affixes seem to have more than one meaning — a concrete meaning and an aspectual meaning.

How spatial relations are encoded in Kalaallisut. Investigations into the linguistic encoding of spatial relations provide insight into the interactions between language, cognition, and the external environment, calling attention to both similarities and differences in the cross-linguistic structuring of space. Kalaallisut West Greenlandic exhibits a rich grammatical and lexical system for the coding of spatial relations, embedded with significant spatial and environmental knowledge.

The linguistic resources used by Kalaallisut speakers to denote such spatial concepts as topology, motion, and frame of reference include local case morphology, an extensive system of deictic roots, motion verbs and suffixes, relational nouns, and a complex system of orientational and directional roots.

Local case and relational nouns are used to denote topological, Figure-Ground relations, in which an object is located in relation to another object or place. The sharing of a morphosyntactic frame between relational nouns and possessed nouns results in a spectrum of spatial nouns that can occur in the same grammatical paradigm. These range from the fifteen or so nominal stems denoting abstract topological relationships, to those which denote more specific geographic spatial relations, to regular spatial nouns or places.

Further, across such domains as the regular relational noun stems, orientation stems and spatial deictics, parallel conceptual structures arise encoding the very same spatial concepts and contrasts. Using published data and elicitation with speakers, this paper puts forward a preliminary analysis of Kalaallisut spatial language, particularly that which expresses topological relations and their relationship to the deictic and orientational system.

The language of place in Kalaallisut: On the relationship between landscape, place names and culture in Greenland. Out of such a relationship with the land arises a rich framework of spatial understanding embedded with environmental and sociocultural knowledge within the language and speech patterns.

Studies of Inuit place names and landscape e. Alia , Collignon for Canadian Inuit; Holton for Alaskan Inuit have emphasized the multidimensional nature of these place names as well as the culturally specific conceptual ontologies encoded in landscape terms. We add to this body of knowledge with our own work on landscape and naming practices in Greenland, using the principles of ethnophysiography and landscape linguistics as a framework for our analysis.

Kalaallisut place names can be divided into eight broad semantic categories, including landscape terminology the largest category , color terms, animal names, activities particularly hunting and cooking , and body parts.

Our work to date in establishing an ontology of the landscape terms divides them into basic categories according to shape, slope, horizontal areas, convexities; and inland waters versus coastal areas versus topographical features. Like toponyms, landscape terms can also take suffixes; together they serve as descriptors of the landscape topography.

Both toponyms and landscape terms interact with the spatial orientation system in Greenland, which is coastal-based Fortescue We present a theoretical framework for Kalaallisut place names based on this ontology and demonstrate how they allow speakers to make reference to specific locations in the environment as socioculturally inhabited and meaningful. How can You use our library when You research Greenlandic?

La collection de films inuit de l'ONF et son utilisation en classe. Une attention particulière est accordée à l'enseignement de la culture inuit à travers son cinéma avec le coffret Unikkausivut: Transmettre nos histoires, regroupant 24 films réalisés sur une période de 70 ans, provenant des quatre régions inuit du Canada Nunatsiavut, Nunavik, Nunavut et Inuvailuit.

The creation of an education system in Nunavut, grounded in Inuit ways of knowing, being and doing Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit is a critical part of healing from a colonial past and in creating a decolonizing future. Documented accounts of best practices in Inuit education, as part of this healing, are few and greatly needed. This study shares the story of one Baffin Island community and the work undertaken to create a community school.

The intent of this inquiry is to highlight how a community worked together to create a community school, grounded in Inuit ways of knowing, being and doing with Elders as teachers. This will be accomplished by working with community to share the story in a respectful and reciprocal way Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, , and Nunavut Department of Education, This study documents and celebrates the process and work of creating this community school as one example of best practice in Inuit education.

The sharing of this story is timely given the implementation of the new Nunavut Education Act and the current focus on improving Indigenous education in Canada. It has the potential to significantly contribute to Northern study in education. This session may be of interest to Indigenous and Non-Indigenous peoples interested in study Allman, in Indigenous communities that is grounded in Indigenous ways Inuit ways of knowing, being and doing ; developed in collaboration with Inuit community members and navigates the often rocky path of the ethics approval process.

The discussion will draw on my own experience in this process and will facilitate discussion with others on ways of collaborating in study in Indigenous communities.

How a school project began 30 years ago in the communities of Puvirnituq and Ivujivik and what succeeding teachers and other professional want nowadays. In Nunavik, Inuit expressed their will for taking in charge the education of their youth at the end of the s.

The leaders of Puvirnituq and Ivujivik communities believed it was necessary to conceive, conduct and manage their own school project, based on the educational needs of their communities. They developed an educational project centered on the training of the teachers and other school educational resources. The development of the Inuktitut curriculum was present among those objectives. Those 2 committees met regularly and in , they presented their project and asked for support to the Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue UQAT.

Through the years, the partners learned to work together and developed an intercultural management process of the activities. A partnership for educational development based on community level has been established since then.

Over the 30 years of this project, new teachers and other professional resources have replaced the first generation of participants. Today, they express their needs to learn more about the project history, in order to take ownership of the education project in the perspective of the community development.

Then, there is a need to write down this history in order to help the current Inuit professional educators to identify their own goals for the future. This paper describes the comanagement process of the educational development project and point out some historical landmarks which will help to understand the context in which teachers or other educational resources are acting.

Creating the future, through the acknowledgement of the past and understanding the present: Resilience and school perseverance of Inuit students in Nunavik. A large body of literature has investigated the causes of high dropout rates amongst Inuit youth in Nunavik. Often driven by a deficit approach, many of these studies portray students as victims of their circumstances with little chance of succeeding under existing conditions. However, substantial effort, initiative, perseverance, hard work, determination and resilience go into shaping everyday life in Nunavik communities.

Despite many serious challenges and obstacles, Inuit students continue to attend school, many try to return after a period away, and some graduate and pursue higher education. Informed by critical indigenous methodologies, this three-year participatory research project chose to highlight the stories of students who have succeeded or continue to persevere despite the many challenges by examining their resilience and the strategies they deploy, and by identifying the pedagogical practices and approaches that they respond to most positively, in order to use these as building blocks for continued work.

To ensure active engagement and wider inclusion of voices, a combination of tools were used and adapted to accommodate preferences, availabilities and comfort levels of research participants. Pouvoir de la parole et développement du jeune enfant inuit du Nunavik, perspective croisée entre savoirs inuit et scientifique.

À l'appui des travaux de recherche en cours et des enquêtes de terrain menées à Kuujjuaq et à Kuujjuaraapik, il est proposé de porter un regard sur la rencontre et le dialogue des savoirs inuit et scientifique au sujet du statut et du rôle de la parole au cours du développement de l'enfant en milieu familial et en milieu institutionnel.

À travers une analyse comparative de quatre ensembles principaux, l'objet, les limites et les retombées de ce dialogue seront soulignés. Nous verrons qu'il est possible de trouver des points de convergences entre ces savoirs au sujet de l'importance capitale des premières paroles dirigées vers le nouveau-né. La mobilisation du savoir scientifique afin d'éclairer le savoir inuit concernant la hiérarchie conversationnelle et le stade de développement vocal constituent le deuxième point abordé.

Le savoir inuit sera particulièrement apprécié en tant que force de revitalisation des savoirs scientifiques et non inuit au sujet du pouvoir du silence employé en vue de respecter la conscience de l'autre et de favoriser l'apprentissage autonome par l'observation et l'expérimentation. Enfin, il s'agira de penser l'enchevêtrement entre savoirs inuit et scientifique au point de troubler la distinction posée entre ces savoirs, notamment en ce qui concerne les visées éducatives qui tendent à l'acquisition des aptitudes nécessaires, dont font parties l'autonomie et la solidarité, pour faire face aux diverses circonstances de l'existence.

Une conclusion reviendra sur les questions soulevées par le partage des savoirs ainsi que sur l'apport d'une approche pluridisciplinaire et multipartite pour tenter d'accéder à la saisie d'un objet d'étude dans sa globalité. Identifying Indigenous determinants of health: Insights from analysis of Inuit self-rated health in Nunavik.

The primary research question was, what are the key factors influencing Indigenous self-rated health? Through research into Inuit self-rated health in Nunavik we expanded our understanding of Indigenous-defined determinants of health. From our findings, we would argue that current and future health research with Indigenous populations should expand beyond the purely biomedical perspective. Adopting a predominantly biomedical approach limits our understanding of Indigenous health and often does not capture the social, cultural and environmental determinants that have been critically linked to understanding Indigenous health today.

This research used an exploratory sequential mixed-methods design. It drew upon two approaches to understanding health — an epidemiological approach informed by self-rated health literature and a population health approach to understand social determinants of Indigenous health. The initial qualitative phase employed key-informant interviews with regional Inuit health experts in Nunavik, Quebec.

Determinants of Inuit health identified by key-informants were then used to inform quantitative analysis of the existing Nunavik regional Inuit health survey dataset to explore associations and insights into Inuit self-rated health.

Preliminary results from the quantitative analysis will be presented and will identify key factors influencing Inuit self-rated health for this region. This project has the potential to identify and show evidence for more appropriate and accurate factors influencing Inuit self-rated health. With this information it will be possible to incorporate the collection of data on important and previously ignored determinants of health in future health surveys and community health evaluations in the region.

État de santé autoévalué, santé objective et inégalités sociales chez les Inuit du Nunavik et du Groenland. Plusieurs études ont validé cette variable en regard de mesures objectives de santé, et ce parmi différents groupes culturels et socioéconomiques. Excellent or very good self-reported health and social determinants of health, Inuit aged 15 to 24 and 25 to 54 years living in Inuit Nunangat: Selected findings from the Aboriginal Peoples Survey.

The findings of the present study suggest that the target of health interventions aimed at improving the health of Inuit residing in Inuit Nunangat need to be tailored based on current stage of life. The APS represents the fourth cycle of the survey and focuses on issues of education, employment and health. Socioeconomic, psychosocial and community-level determinants of obesity in Nunavik.

The rapid socio-cultural transformations to which are exposed Inuit populations induce a change in traditional ways of life, including increased risk factors for cardiovascular disease such as obesity. Beyond lifestyle, social determinants associated with obesity remain under studied in the circumpolar North.

Cross-sectional data on Inuit adults were collected from the Qanuippitaa? Nunavik Inuit Health Survey. Information about the socioeconomic status, behavioral patterns and perceived sense of community were all collected using questionnaires. Information on sociocultural cohesion at the community-level was measured using information from the Canadian census on the proportion of the population speaking Inuktitut and residentially stable.

Models were adjusted for age, sex, social support, socioeconomic characteristics, marital status, food security, smoking, diet and physical activity. The prevalence of obesity was In adjusted models, living in communities with higher sociocultural cohesion and perception of a higher sense of community were protective to obesity OR: When stratified by sex, the protective association remained statistically significant for women, but not for men.

Despite a complex association between obesity and social determinants, the results show the relevance of considering the socioeconomic and psychosocial factors in the formulation of environmental programs of health promotion to promote healthy weight in Nunavik. Vers un apprentissage mutuel: Les recherches impliquant la co-laboration avec les populations locales soulèvent de multiples enjeux enjeux de définition, enjeux méthodologiques et enjeux de posture de recherche , que nous souhaitons approfondir dans le cadre de cette communication.

Dans un premier temps, une réflexion autour des méthodes permettant la co-construction des savoirs sera développée, elle se basera sur différentes expériences acquises au Nunavut et au Nunavik. Ces diverses expériences nous permettront de montrer les gradients possibles que peuvent prendre les recherches menées en collaboration avec les populations locales. Nous verrons à cette occasion comment ce type de recherche se met en place, quels sont les moyens utilisés pour son bon déroulement, mais également quelles en sont les contraintes et les limites.

Nous verrons aussi quels types de savoirs sont mobilisés et co-construits et dans quelle mesure ils se nourrissent mutuellement. This presentation focuses on the challenges and rewards of doing respectful and ethical research among Aboriginal Elders in Canada. Inuit Elders believe it is important to tell their story for the next generations of Inuit to know about this piece of history.

They do not want to be to be anonymous, since their name guarantee the truth of the story. The presentation also deals with issues when interviewing Aboriginal Elders, such as language and memory, as well as what is expected in the interaction with Aboriginal Elders. Two challenges of conducting qualitative research with indigenous populations are gaining meaningful access to community members, and building healthy relationships with research participants.

My experience of teaching in an Inuit community on northern Baffin Island has overcome these dilemmas by positioning me as working professional in the community and has enabled me to develop relationships with school staff, students, parents, and community members. Now, as I transition from teacher to researcher, a new dilemma is created: In this paper, I draw on my ongoing critical reflection of the personal, professional, and political dynamics of conducting school-based research as a teacher in an Inuit community in Northern Canada.

In order to understand the various phenomena taking place in Inuit communities, anthropologists and ethnologists must take into account Inuit discourses concerning their knowledge and know-how. However, Inuit knowledge and know-how cannot be reduced to a set of objective or positive techniques that anybody can put to use after reading the instructions. In this case, what do we mean by " taking into account Inuit discourse" and what is the place of Inuktitut in this process?

Pilliriqatigiinniq "Working in a collaborative way for the common good". Increasing attention on the Arctic has led to an increase in research in this area. Health research in Arctic Indigenous communities is also increasing as part of this movement. A growing segment of the research community is focused on explaining and understanding Indigenous knowledge and ways of knowing. Researchers have become increasingly aware that Indigenous knowledge must be perceived, collected and shared in ways that are unique to, and shaped by, the communities and individuals from which this knowledge is gathered.

This paper adds to this body of literature to provide Inuit perspectives on health-related research epistemologies and methodologies, with the intent that it may inform health researchers with an interest in Arctic health. Acknowledgements The growth development of this model and this centre over time has been a group effort.

Valuable guidance, feedback and support has been provided by Shirley Tagalik, Janet Tamalik McGrath and Jamal Shirley in the development of this paper. Extremely polysynthetic languages such as Greenlandic, however, call these assumptions into question. For example, Greenlandic is a clause-chaining language, in which multiple clauses are strung together to express something that would normally require multiple sentences in language like English.

Many of these clauses consist of single words usually verbal in nature , with the referential information i. These characteristics are illustrated in part of a clause chain reproduced below:. What, therefore, is the domain of information structure, and how does one examine information structure when all we have is a single-word clause?

What becomes of topic-comment or topic-focus structure? In this paper, I explore the challenges that Greenlandic and other Eskaleut languages pose to the current theories of information structure, and I propose some discourse-level solutions to these questions. The Inuit language is known to have a dual marking in many but not all of its dialects Dorais , on verbs and nouns. Kalaallisut lacks dual and its omission in the grammar of the Salliq dialect Spalding may be telling.

This study will investigate whether or not the dual is grammatically required in contexts by examining three different Canadian dialects in terms of oral texts and fieldwork interviews.

Storyboards containing contexts where a dual could be used will be used to elicit oral texts and then the texts will be examined for whether or not the dual is consistently used when possible.

This will be followed up by an interview where the same speaker will be asked about their use of dual, e. Could X dual have been used here or Could X plural have been used here? Two of the dialects in the study will be Labrador and South Baffin. The results of this study will be of interest to Inuktitut language teachers, linguists and speakers themselves. This issue may be of particular importance if a standard language is emerging through government publications and the education system.

If the dual is not necessary in each and every instance in a particular dialect, it would be unfortunate if it were deemed to be obligatory. A more clear understanding of current useage of dual across Inuit dialects is needed.

Little Diomede Island, located in the middle of Bering Strait, is home to the farthest west population of Inuit, who speak a divergent sub-dialect of Bering Strait Inupiaq. Many personal names are borrowed from Siberia, from both Yupiget and Chukchi, along with ordinary vocabulary that shows Siberian influence. Like the Yupik languages, Diomede retains a four-vowel system, including an e, which is somewhat in flux in current speech.

Whereas some e are historically correct, some appear unexpectedly and are often in variation with i. Other Bering Strait Inupiaq dialects have occasional non-systematic e, and these dialects are the last ones to undergo the change from four to three vowels found throughout Inuit. Kalaallisut - and typological consequenses for domain gaining.

After Greenland went through a vehement modernization and Danification. The typological differences between Danish and the polysynthetic Kalaallisut keep the manifold derivation morphemes and most of the inflection of Kalaallisut rather untouched.

But how do the typological differences between the two languages impact on Kalaallisut when modern concepts often are translated into Kalaallisut through analytic constructions in order to render the meaning as precise as possible? The typological differences will be demonstrated, the consequences for the structures in a lot of Greenlandic neologisms demonstrated, and finally, the consequences for domain gaining will be described from a socio-linguistic perspective.

Returning to the Inuit case, there are several interrelated words in Inuktitut: In this paper, I will review what these words actually express literally and culturally, using linguistic and ethnographic data from written Inuit sources and from my own fieldwork carried out in Mittimatalik North Baffin Island.

Paleoecological perspectives on landscape history and anthropogenic impacts at Uivak Point, Labrador since AD. As part of ongoing efforts by the authors to document human-environment relationships among the Inuit of north-central Labrador, Canada, paleoecological investigations were undertaken at the Uivak Point site HjCl , an Inuit settlement located in Okak Bay occupied from the 18th to 19th century.

The site consists of a winter village comprising the ruins of nine semi-subterranean sod houses located on two marine terraces and a number of warm season tent ring structures.

These were in use during the late 18th to early 19th century although the immediate locality has seen many episodes of occupation by many cultural groups spanning from prehistory into the 20th century.

These cold and dry conditions generated the abundance of shrub tundra and a very open spruce forest cover. This vegetation change, in particular between and cal. P, may reflect the onset of colder conditions during the Little Ice Age. Subsequent climate warming has allowed the re-expansion of trees and shrubs at regional and local scales over a period of about years. As a result of plant harvesting and trampling around the houses, many anthropogenic remains such as burned fat, burned leaves of mosses and charcoal were incorporated into the soil.

These activities also triggered the establishment of some weeds and apophytes such as Montiana fontanan and Silene. Furthermore, our chronostratigraphical and paleoecological data suggest that the site was occupied on an irregular basis since AD. Using photographic archives in historical ecology: This study looks at the interactions between Inuit and their forested environment in the subarctic region of Nain, Nunatsiavut northern Labrador.

Through the lens of historical ecology, we attempted to obtain and work with diverse methodologies and sets of data in order to link forest ecology to historical patterns of forest use and current Inuit ecological knowledge. Our methods included the research of digitalized photographic archives located at the Peary-MacMillan Arctic Museum Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine that depicted wood use in the Labrador region since the beginning of the 20th century.

A set of 14 images were selected and used in the making of an exhibit that also presented the results of interviews conducted in Nain from to This paper will discuss the potential of using photographs in historical ecology research and for result communication as well as the oral history related to forest and wood use in the Nain region.

What you may be surprised to know is that this ideology developed not because of but in spite of the material technologies they have been exposed to down through the ages. Inuit have lived for thousands of years on the edge of the North American continent in both Arctic and sub-Arctic regions.

In particular, two Inuit groups the Canadian Inuvialuit along with their American relatives - the Yupik and Inupiat live today in a unique land mass which has become to be named - Beringia. The historical record shows that Inuit have been living in Beringia between and BP. Reminants of the earlier Inuit technologies and ideology can still be found today in the bones of mammouths with the last mammouth having been hunted by Inuit only some years ago.

Pour son premier ballet narratif depuis , le célèbre chorégraphe suédois Mats Ek revisite la fameuse tragédie écrite de William Shakespeare. Andris Nelson Mise en scène: Yves Abel Mise en scène: Zubin Mehta Mise en scène: De là une succession de duos, préludes à un sanglant duel. La fille mal gardée Musique: Petit bijou du répertoire français, La Fille mal gardée est aussi le premier ballet moderne.

Créé quelques jours seulement avant la Révolution française, son succès fut immédiat. Lise est destinée par sa mère à un riche jeune homme mais elle préfère le désargenté Colas.

Le final coloré mélange folk et traditions de music hall, avec la très savoureuse danse des sabots de la veuve Simone. L'opéra se focalise sur des moments choisis de la vie d'Onéguine. Tchaïkovki a su traduire avec la plus grande subtilité toute la psychologie des personnages de Pouchkine.

Opéra-film-art, festival d'opéra cinématographique La première édition aura lieu au Balzac, du 4 au 18 juin Huit films au programme, à ne pas manquer! Ce premier Opéra-film-art présente aussi bien le regard profond et amusé que les Straub portent sur les couples de Du jour au lendemain de Schönberg que la vision traditionnelle du grand spectacle interprété par des stars défendue par Zeffirelli dans sa Traviata de Verdi.

La juxtaposition des huit films du festival permet de saisir les oppositions radicales de style. Au cinéma, tout est possible, le play-back comme le son direct Straub! Les rôles parlés sont merveilleusement tenus: La présence de Brecht se fait encore sentir dans la direction musicale du film: Direction musicale Theo Mackeben. Les passages les plus sombres du texte de Schickaneder et ses allusions maçonniques sont négligés au profit de la mise en valeur des forces de lumière.

Pour Bergman, La Flûte enchantée doit être un conte, proche des tours de magie, qui fait croire au miracle de la scène. Choeurs et orchestre de la Radio Suédoise dirigés par Eric Ericson. Il fait remarquer avec brusquerie à son épouse la différence entre les deux femmes.

Il fut présenté à sa sortie comme le premier opéra tourné entièrement en son direct. Jean-Marie Straub et Danièle Huillet ont effectivement réalisé un des plus grands tours de force possibles au cinéma. Grâce au cinéma, Schönberg était enfin devenu un classique. Il avait étudié la peinture, la philosophie, et lisait parfaitement une partition. Il avait réalisé les décors et les costumes de spectacles pendant des années avant de mettre en scène lui-même. La vivacité caractéristique de Ponnelle est omniprésente.

Il veut emporter le spectateur par la rapidité du montage surprenante dans la scène du tumulte , les personnages toujours mobiles et les détails des mouvements de caméra. Orchestre et choeurs de la Scala de Milan dirigés par Claudio Abbado. Orchestre et choeurs du Bolchoï dirigés par Vassily Nebolsine. Par une multitude de détails, Rosi montre que ce monde pourrait être idyllique, une paysanne ramasse des roses, des chiens jouent en arrière-plan.

Zeffirelli a cherché à retrouver la magnificence des musicals américains. La perfection de ce film, réalisé alors que le spectacle avait déjà donné lieu à représentations publiques, ne doit rien au hasard. Felsenstein avait réalisé seul Fidelio. Barbe-Bleue fut tourné dans les fameux studios de la DEFA à Babelsberg, où furent tournés toutes les grandes productions de la RDA mais aussi des films français et internationaux.

Bertrand de Billy Mise en scène: Opéra en deux actes composé par Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sur un livret en italien de Lorenzo da Ponte inspiré du mythe de Don Juan et créé à Prague en , Don Giovanni est, avec La Flûte enchantée, l'opéra qui eut le plus d'influence sur les compositeurs romantiques par son mélange d'éléments comiques buffa et tragiques seria.

L'ouvrage est aujourd'hui considéré comme un des opéras majeurs de Mozart mais aussi de tout l'art lyrique. Cornelius Meister Mise en scène: Nous sommes à Paris à la fin du XIXème siècle.

Rodolphe, poète de son état, partage une mansarde avec des amis artistes. Le soir de Noël, alors que Rodolphe est seul, assis à sa table de travail, on frappe à la porte. On devine la suite. Mais les amours seront contrariées. La musique de Puccini épouse à merveille le texte du livret: Anna Netrebko et Joseph Calleja sont les interprètes des deux rôles titres dans cette production du Royal Opera House que le public du monde entier a plébiscitée.

Giovanni Antonini, avec le Giardino Armonico Mise en scène: Concert Le boeuf sur le toit Direction musicale: Requiem, de Verdi Direction musicale: Une représentation servie par une distribution prestigieuse avec la mezzo-soprano russe Ekaterina Semenchuk dans le rôle-titre, ainsi que sa compatriote la soprano Irina Lungu ou le ténor italo-uruguayen Carlo Ventre. La mise en scène de Peter Stein est quasi minimaliste, classique, fidèle au livret et à la musique.

Gianandrea Gavazzeni, mise en scène: RAI, , min. Un des opéras qui a marqué la scène de la Scala avec la célèbre production de avec Maria Callas dans le rôle titre. La Callas chante Tosca à New York Angela Georghiu avait déjà interprété ce rôle de Violetta, un de ses favoris avec Adriana Lecouvreur, à de multiples reprises avec des partenaires différents. Lorin Maazel Mise en scène: ORF, , min. Christophe Rousset Mise en scène: Pierre Audi ; décors et costumes: Patrick Kinmonth ; lumières: Dans ce qui est un de ses plus beaux opéras, Haendel réussit à se plier aux impératifs du genre seria tout en révélant la diversité, l'évolution et la fragilité des différents personnages.

De la magicienne amoureuse qui transforme les hommes en bête, en arbre ou en rocher, Haendel fait une femme blessée, humaine et pathétique.

Conçue au départ pour le théâtre baroque de Drottningholm, la mise en scène de Pierre Audi s'appuie sur un décor fondé sur les effets de perspective, avec des éléments coulissants sur des panneaux peints. Il en résulte un excellent théâtre musical moderne dans une forme historisante, aussi proche de Marivaux que de l'Arioste. Leonard Bernstein Mise en scène: Unitel, ORF, , min. Donc non pas une mais deux grandes héroïnes dans cet unique opéra de Beethoven.

Elektra, opéra en un acte de Richard Strauss Wiener Philharmoniker. Mise en scène et réalisation: Ce film tourné en studio à Munich garde toute sa force grâce à la dimension quasi mythique du casting musical et dramatique. La Traviata, opéra en trois actes de Giuseppe Verdi. Représentation filmée en au Festival de Salzbourg.

Orchestre Philharmonique de Vienne. La sortie en CD de cette production du festival de Salzbourg avait, en son temps, quelque peu déçu. Beaucoup avaient été allergiques à certains excès vocaux jugés trop racoleurs. Les trois Stars à Berlin Direction musicale: Pour sublimer cette histoire, le compositeur est resté fidèle à ses principes de pureté et de naturel. John DeMain Mise en scène: Un grand classique de la comédie musicale américaine qui nous entraîne sur le Mississippi à la fin du 19e siècle, au son du célébrissime Old Man River.

Verdi se montre pleinement à la hauteur du surnom que lui donnait le public milanais: Alexei Ratmansky Direction musicale: La Clémence de Titus, de Mozart Direction musicale: Boris Godounov, de Moussorgski Direction musicale: Jenufa, de Janacek Direction musicale: Movimientos Danzar al aire espanol Direction, livret et costumes: Hugo Perez de la Pica Suite flamenca Chorégraphie: La 9e Symphonie, de Beethoven Direction musicale: Dialogues des Carmélites, de Poulenc Direction musicale: Jérémie Rhorer avec le Philharmonia Orchestra Mise en scène: Kazushi Ono Chef de choeur: Matthew Bourne Décors et costumes: Robert Carsen et Peter van Praet Chorégraphe: Don Giovanni Opéra en deux actes de W.

Mozart sur un livret de Lorenzo da Ponte inspiré du mythe de Don Juan. Peter Maag Chef de choeur: Jean Meyer Décor et costumes: Diffusion en direct et en eurovision le 15 juillet Présentation: Max Pol Fouchet Réalisation: Mahler Chamber Orchestra Mise en scène: Le livret tiré de la pièce de Martin Crimp évoque un véritable théâtre de la cruauté, lointain descendant du Wozzeck de Berg. Elisabeth Brasseur Mise en scène: Maurice Sarrazin Décors et costumes: Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir Orchestre: London Symphony Orchestra Mise en scène: Alexandre de Dardel Costumes: Cécile Kretchmar Collaboratrice à la mise en scène: Mozart sur un livret de Direction musicale: Serge Baudo Chef des choeurs: Jean Le Poulain Décor: Filmé en juillet à Aix-en-Provence Présentation: Patrice Chéreau Collaboration artistique: Thierry Thieû Niang Décors: Caroline de Vivaise Lumières: Christian Thielemann Mise en scène: Parsifal, de Wagner Direction musicale: Lucia di Lammermoor, de Donizetti Direction musicale: Vivez la deuxième édition d'Opéra-film-art, festival de films d'opéras, au Balzac du 6 au 19 juin.

Il développe cette notion dans son essai Oser la jeunesse Après les attentats du 13 novembre en France , il lance un mouvement critique, la neoresistance [ 4 ] , fédérant les réflexions et les propositions humanistes sous un Hashtag commun.

Des personnalités comme le calligraphe irakien Hassan Massoudy [ 5 ] , les philosophes Roger-Pol Droit [ 6 ] et Jacky Dahomay [ 7 ] ou le footballeur Lilian Thuram [ 8 ] sont parmi les premiers à participer à son élaboration. C'est aussi grâce à l'exploration de cette technologie qu'il crée et anime le premier jeu de rôle en vidéo directe, Primate Joke [ 12 ]: En une année, le nombre de Dream Tanks effectués sera de Il tiendra les propos conclusifs du Colloque sur le suicide à l' Assemblée nationale , le 5 février Zéro Limite [ 16 ].

La polémique fait le tour du monde en moins d'une semaine. Le philosophe s'expliquera au Guardian: Il donne des conférences en France et à l'international, intervenant notamment dans les milieux de l'hôpital éthique clinique, psychiatrie , de l'entreprise [ 22 ] et des institutions.

Imsges: festival rencontres et racines 2014

festival rencontres et racines 2014

Découvrez le calendrier des les line-ups des festivals de l'été

festival rencontres et racines 2014

Les 10 meilleurs comptes de célébrités. The volatile, harsh environment of the north is often the most visceral, visible source of pressure experienced by Alaska native people. Samedi 14 novembre à 14h Mozart:

festival rencontres et racines 2014

L'empereur Joseph II fut indirectement responsable de la préservation de cette magnifique partition pour la postérité: Family names surnames gradually came into use: Over the 30 years of this project, new teachers and other professional resources have replaced the first generation of participants. TF1 festival rencontres et racines 2014 Louis eune série avec une héroïne transgenre. Les plus chanceux, tes tant aimés Haoussa te pleureront ce The discourse in EA is not however limited to a mechanical elicitation of issues and options. Le Lac des cygnes, de Tchaïkovsky.